Rwandan Judging It’s Genocide

Rwandan Judging It’s Genocide

Author: Rupa Paul, Amity University, Kolkata.


The genocide in Rwanda, also known as the Tutsi genocide, was the massacre of the Tutsi, Twa, and Hutu moderate Hutu in Rwanda, which took place between 7 April and 15 July 1994 during the Rwandan World War. In this post, we’ll be taking a deeper dive into this cesspool of international human right violations. In 1990, the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), a rebel group made up of Tutsi refugees, invaded Rwanda from Uganda, sparking the Rwandan World War. Neither side was able to gain a foothold in the war, and the Rwandan government led by President Juvénal Habyarimana signed the Arusha Accords and the RPF on August 4, 1993.


Many historians argue that the Tutsi genocide was planned. at least a year. However, the assassination of Habyarimana on April 6, 1994, caused a power outage and disrupted the peace. The genocide began the next day when soldiers, police and soldiers killed key Tutsi and leading military and Hutu leaders.

The scale and brutality of these killings have caused widespread shock, but no country has ever been able to stop the killings. Most of the victims were killed in their homes or in the cities, most of the neighbors and residents. Hutu groups searched for victims and hid in churches and school buildings. Soldiers killed the victims with arrows and rifles. An estimated 500,000 to 1,000,000 Rwandans, about 70% of the Tutsi population. Sexual violence was rampant, and between 250,000 and 500,000 women were raped during the genocide. The RPF re-launched the civil war when it began to overthrow and take over all government, ending the genocide and coercion of the government and the genocide in Zaire.

The genocide has had long-lasting and visible consequences for Rwanda and neighboring countries. In 1996, the RPP-led Rwandan government invaded Zaire (now Democratic Republic of the Congo), home to Rwandan government leaders and many Hutu refugees, starting the first Congolese War and killing an estimated 200,000 people. Today, Rwanda has two public holidays to mourn the genocide, and denying or reviving the history of genocide is a criminal offense.

The first settlers of what is now Rwanda were Twa men, a group of pygmy hunters living in the area between 8000 BC and 3000 BC and living in Rwanda today. From between 700 BC and 1500 AD, many groups of people migrated to Rwanda, and they began to clear the forest floor for agriculture. Scholars with a number of views on the type of migration of the Bantu people: another theory is that the first settlers were Hutu, while the Tutsi migrated later formed a separate ethnic group, probably of Cushitic origin. , there are incoming groups that have the same genetic makeup as established ones, and they merge rather than conquer existing society. With this view, the differences between the Hutu and the Tutsi came later not as racist, but mainly as a phase or classification of situations where the Tutsi were herding cattle while the Hutu plowed the land. Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa Rwandans speak another common language and are known as Rwandans.

The population came together, started in groups (brainwashing), and by 1700, it became eight kingdoms. The Rwandan empire, ruled by the Tutsi Nyiginya faction, became a dominant power from the middle of the eighteenth century, grew in the process of conquest and conquest, and reached a very high level under the rule of King Kigeli Rwabugiri in 1853 to 1895. Rwabugiri expanded the empire to the west and north, and initiated administrative reforms that led to the growth of Hutu and Tutsi populations. These included youth, a forced labor system that required Hutu to carry out land restitution, as well as hers, in which Tutsi donors offered cattle to Hutu or Tutsi clients to work economically and personally.

Before and during the colonial period, which took place under Germany from 1887 and then, under Belgian, in 1917, Rwanda found about eighteen families defined mainly by their line of alliances Although Hutu and Tutsi names were used, referring to individuals rather than groups, in succession rather than nationality. In fact, a person may go from one situation to another.


During the 20 years of genocide in Rwanda in 1994, Human Rights Watch stands in solidarity with the victims and survivors. The genocide in Rwanda was particularly noteworthy in its brutality, its speed, and its remarkable movement in which Hutu activists sought to exterminate a small group of Tutsi.

Over the next two decades, the vast majority of those killed in the conflict, including high-ranking government officials and other key figures in the wake of the genocide, have come to court. Most of them have been tried in Rwandan courts. Others have gone to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) or the domestic courts in Europe and North America.

The Rwandan courts for the Gacaca community completed their work in 2012; the ICTR is expected to complete its own in 2014; and with renewed vigor in prosecuting Rwandan suspects abroad, celebrating 20 years of genocide provides a perfect time to make progress, at national and international levels, in apprehending those who have planned, ordered, and committed these heinous crimes.


  1. Akhavan, Payam (1996). “The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda: The Politics and Pragmatics of Punishment”. American Journal of International Law90 (3): 501–10. doi:10.2307/2204076JSTOR 2204076.

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