A Brief Overview On Stockholm Declaration

     A Brief Overview On Stockholm Declaration

Author: Mithannsh Jain, Christ University.


The United Nations hosted the terribly first conference on the Human environment which took place in 1972 in Stockholm (Sweden), and formally it came to known be as the Stockholm Declaration of 1972. The conference was held for a basic common outlook on the way to address the challenge of preserving and enhancing the human surroundings. In 1968-1969, the general assembly determined to conduct the conference in Stockholm in 1972 on a worldwide level where all the countries might participate in. The main principle of the Stockholm declaration was “to function a sensible means that to encourage and to produce pointers to guard and improve the human surroundings and to remedy and stop its impairment”. The conference’s preparatory committee had worked on the declaration in 1971 with the actual drafting of the text allotted to an intergovernmental working party.


Broadly speaking, the Stockholm Declaration of 1972 acknowledges international problems and has eventually come back up with twenty-six principles and with some frameworks further to bind all the countries along to agitate these environmental problems. The conference has created history within the world by addressing environmental problems at the world level. The Stockholm Declaration accentuated the desire of the nations to style developmental plans with the mixture of science and technology so as to minimize air and land pollution along with the human impact on the surroundings. The main principle of the Stockholm declaration was “to function a sensible means that to encourage and to produce pointers to guard and improve the human surroundings and to remedy and stop its impairment”[1]. The conference’s preparatory committee had worked on the declaration in 1971 with the actual drafting of the text allotted to an intergovernmental working party.

The most important purpose of the Stockholm Declaration was to save the planet from all the evils which were destroying the surroundings, to preserve natural resources, to regulate the pollution and to shield from many alternative environmental problems. In alternative words, we can say that the main purpose was to save the world, there  is also a slogan of the Stockholm Declaration, 1972 i.e., “Only One Earth”[2]. The Declaration urges each country to make rules for safeguarding life and natural resources which is out there in this country and suggests that each country create national population policies since overpopulation is additionally one of all the key causes why we are left with restricted natural resources these days.

The Declaration proclaims that the human is the reason for the boon and alsothe decay of the surroundings.It provides them physical sustenance and affords the chance for intellectual, moral, social and non-secular growth. The aim behind holding this Stockholm declaration was to stress numerous nations and to create the voters of states responsive to the environmental problems that have an effect on the well-being of individuals and economic development throughout the planet.

It’s the responsibility of each nation and each person to come back up with some necessary measures for management and designing so as to avoid wasting our surroundings that is badly impure nowadays attributable to the acts, we tend to waste our daily routines that are harming our surroundings. To realize such a goal of a pollution free surroundings, each subject of each country should contribute towards it by putt their common efforts. Humans ought to recognize their responsibilities towards nature and should act consequently.

At the time of the conference, twenty-six principles were declared and also the principles assert that the govt should take necessary steps to guard the character or surroundings like, for the Management of the natural resources. They are as follows –

  • Principle 1: Right to Protect Environment
  • Principle 2: Management of Natural Resources
  • Principle 3: Management of Renewable Resources
  • Principle 4: Conservation of Wildlife
  • Principle 5: Management of Non-Renewable Resources
  • Principle 6: Pollution Control
  • Principle 7: Prevention of Pollution of Seas
  • Principle 8: Economic and Social Development
  • Principle 9: Underdevelopment and Natural Disaster
  • Principle 10: Stability of Prices of Primary Commodities
  • Principle 11: Environmental Policies
  • Principle 12: Environment Protection Education
  • Principle 13: Rational Management of Resources
  • Principle 14: Rational Planning
  • Principle 15: Human Settlement
  • Principle 16: Human Population
  • Principle 17: Setting of Environmental Pollution Control Agencies at National Level
  • Principle 18: Use of Science and Technology
  • Principle 19: Education in Environmental Matters
  • Principle 20: Further Scientific Research
  • Principle 21: Rights and Responsibility of Sovereign Nation
  • Principle 22: Development of International Law
  • Principle 23: Implementation of Agenda by Every Country
  • Principle 24: International Cooperation
  • Principle 25: Coordinated and Dynamic Role
  • Principle 26: Ban on Nuclear Weapons…[3]

According to the analysis, most of the environmental issues in developing countries are caused by underdeveloped countries. the aim of the declaration was to figure out and fight  against environmental problems, so each country would contribute their common efforts and each country would come back up with innovative plans with the assistance of science and technology and tackle this environmental issue as a full. The conference emphasizes numerous nations to come back up with innovative plans so as to lower the air, water and land pollution. Total 114 alternative countries had conjointly attended the conference.


Lastly, I want to conclude the article by expressing that the Stockholm Declaration had created history within the world because it was the primary conference that was hosted by the United Nations on environmental problems at the worldwide level. If we tend to save natural resources nowadays solely then we tend to might save them for future generation conjointly, Conservation of wildlife- protective forests for the animals, dominant pollution- Closing industries that are discharging toxicant chemicals in water and shutting industries that are polluting the air during which we tend to breathe, surroundings protection education- creating folks responsive to the environmental problems by the medium of media or the other mediums, by these items the voters would be a lot of responsive to the actual fact and shall contribute their best for the protection of the surroundings.





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