AN ESSAY ON POLLUTER PAY PRINCIPLE

ABSTRACT:

The ‘polluter pays’ principle is the commonly accepted practice that those who produce pollution should bear the costs of managing it to prevent damage to human health or the environment. For instance, a factory that produces a potentially poisonous substance as a by-product of its activities is usually held responsible for its safe disposal.

Authored by Preeti Selvam, St Rock College Of Law.

AN OVERALL ANALYSIS ON ENVIRONMENTAL LAW AND POLICIES

ABSTRACT:

Environmental law is based on the rules and regulations which are followed to protect our environment from any kind of health hazards or problems to us as well as the society. The quality of environment has been deteriorating since two decades due to weak policy and rules and the gap between real and virtual achievement of such policies.

Authored by Swapna Sudha Sahoo, SOA Deemed To Be University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha.

Protection of Intellectual Property Rights Through Bilateral Investment Treaty

ABSTRACT:

The incorporation of IP rights in the concept of ‘investment’ in Bilateral Investment Treaties illustrates the significance of many investment operations of securing such intangible assets. In view of the rapid growth of innovative sectors, such as biotechnology and pharmaceuticals, which depend on patent security, IP can be a major strategic advantage and is all the more relevant. The value of patents, trade secrets, trademarks, copyrights, etc in commercial ties between countries is expressed in the incorporation of IP-related clauses in BITs. Although there are relevant provisions in IP, there are also parallels between some sets of arrangements. There are also variations that have significant legal implications.

Authored by Roudro Mukhopadhyay, OP Jindal University.

LOCAL LAWS VS. INTERNATIONAL MARITIME LAWS

ABSTRACT:

This article discusses the relationship between International maritime law and local maritime law from legislative and judicial perspectives. It explains the relationship through India’s implementation of international maritime conventions. The article concludes that the relationship has a well-developed pattern based on legislative structures and judicial processes. With strong historical roots and traditions, the relationship is motivated by international comity and has firm grounding in international and domestic public policy in support of international uniformity to facilitate international commerce.

Authored by Rama Gandhi, NMIMS School Of Law.

EFFICIENCY OF INTERNATIONAL TRIBUNALS ON WAR CRIMES

ABSTRACT:

There exist numerous road blocks in effectively managing war crimes by international forums, the efforts during this behalf are noteworthy. The concept of establishment of anInternational Tribunals is itself an accomplishment, yet a challenge not only to the justice system in itself, but all the member states of the globally. The tribunals haven’t proved to be entirely efficient in managing war crimes. Nevertheless, with modifications within the functioning of those tribunals, the concept of world co -operation in bringing criminals of war crimes to trial cannot be far-fetched amid this period.

Authored by Mithannsh Jain, Christ University.

UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON LAW OF THE SEA

Abstract-

The Ocean is always an important part of our planet earth. Life begins from the ocean itself. The Ocean is vast as it covers 140 million square miles, around 72% of the Earth’s surface. It is the source of food for plants, animals and humans. Moreover, it is also used for the commercial trade, transport, adventure and discovery. Because of its unmeasurable usage, humans have stared using it for their self interest, profit and consumption purposes. In result of it, United Nations conducted 3 conventions to prevent the Pureness of ocean from the mankind. Therefore, the ocean has been divided and 12 nautical miles from the land territory is given to the countries for their usage.

Authored by Kavya Goyal, Prestige Institute Of Management.

REPORT ON MTP ACT, 1971

Abstract-

human life. That is why it has the intervention of law so much. Abortion always has two sides of arguments, one says it represents woman’s “right to choose” whether to continue the pregnancy or to terminate it. The other side argues that it is taking of a human’s life so it can’t vest on one hand. The article firstly gives a brief introduction of MEDICAL TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY ACT, 1971 and after its evolution. This Act has many lacking points which should be there in the present situation, that’s why a Bill; MTP (Amendment) Bill, 2020 has passed by Lok Sabha, the article mentions the highlights of the Bill.

Authored by Kavya Goyal, Prestige Institute Of Management.

A DETAILED NOTE ON TRANSPARENCY AND CONFIDENTIALITY IN INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION

Abstract-

Transparency and Confidentiality are two procedures in arbitration. Transparency provides for openness, clarity, disclosure, access to information while confidentiality refers to non-disclosure, it is one of the most fundamental reason why parties resort to arbitration. At times, transparency and confidentiality are at odds. Here we will talk about transparency and confidentiality in international arbitration, why is it needed and when should be one of these be resorted to.

Authored by Divyanshi Gupta, Faculty Of Law, Lucknow University.

Effect of COVID-19 on Refugee Camps and their Livelihoods

Abstract-

The COVID-19 pandemic has spread rapidly and widely; the volume of cases worldwide has now surpassed ten million.Several governments reacted with an escalating spectrum of strategies including extensiveindustry and border closures. While some countries are cautiously starting up to emerge from their lockdowns, some form of containment regulations are likely to continue in place in several countries for the future months.

Authored by Abhay Singh, Lucknow University

REPORT ON HEALTH CARE REFORMS IN INDIA

Abstract-

India has a population of 1.3 billion which is the second-largest population of the world. It has been predicted by the UN that India will have the world’s largest population by the year 2024. India has earned the reputation of being one of the fastest-growing economies during the two decades, it is the world’s fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and third-largest by purchasing power parity. However, the country has to face the challenges with several issues which include maintaining good health. it spends 1.2 % of its GDP on Healthcare sector which is lowest in the world. In the 12th Five Year Plan, the government has increased the spending on health care. And in February 2020, Finance Minister announced certain reform on healthcare which includes an increase in expenditure on the health care services. After that Health Minister; Dr. Harsh Vardhan has also accounted to increase the public expenditure from 1.15% to 2.5% of GDP BY 2025.

Authored by Kavya Goyal, Prestige Institute Of Management.