Rohingya Crisis

Abstract:

A military crackdown against the Rohingya ethnic group has driven many people from their homes in Myanmar. Rohingya people have faced systematic discrimination over decades, statelessness and targeted violence in Rakhine state, Rohingya people faced many violent attacks. Women and small girls were gang-raped and men were brutally attacked. Most of the people who escaped were severally traumatized after witnessing unspeakable atrocities. Such maltreatment has forced Rohingya women, girls, boys, and men went to go to Bangladesh for many years following violent attacks in 1978, 1991-1992, and again in 2016. Those people who moved from Myanmar have found a temporary shelter in Cox’s bazaar which is now the World’s largest refugee camp.

Authored by Alagappan. N, School of law, SASTRA Deemed University

Rethinking the role of Intellectual Property in Corona crisis

Abstract:

India’s reputation because the ‘pharmacy of the arena’, which changed into stated by using the Supreme Court in Novartis vs UOI in 2013, is affirmed once more. Back in 2001, throughout the HIV/AIDS outbreak, the price of treatment for AIDS become an not possible $10,000 per patient for one year, which turned into decreased to $400 via Indian pharmaceutical groups. By providing at 4% of the original fee, to Africa, tens of millions of lives had been stored. India maintains to manufacture and supply priced medicines and diagnostic kits matching worldwide standards for malaria, tuberculosis, HIV, hepatitis B and C, dengue, chikungunya, SARS, H1N1 and so forth.The novel coronavirus outbreak is a crisis that the sector has no longer witnessed for a century. Diseases want prevention, diagnostic, control, and healing mechanisms.

Authored by Nandini Tripathy, Symbiosis Law School, Hyderabad

International Consumer Law: What Is It All About?

Abstract:

Increasing effort has been invested in the internationalization of client law. Some of the recent massive international purchaser regulation–related scandals (e.g., Dieselgate, Facebook) demonstrate the rising relevance of and the want for international patron law. This paper argues that the efforts closer to the internationalization of consumer law should recognition, first, on the establishment of worldwide familiar minimal standards of client safety (as it has been done through the United Nations Guidelines on Consumer Protection) and, 2d, on the development and facilitation of cooperation as a vital prerequisite for the efficient protection of purchasers (because it has been initiated by means of the International Consumer Protection and Enforcement Network), in place of at the harmonization of significant patron law. This isn’t always simplest because coordination among diverse nations within the place of client safety is simpler to attain in exercise thru a coverage method instead of significant harmonization, however additionally due to the fact coordination in practice is an instrument that, because it stands now, is capable of supplying a better level of protection to clients than major harmonization.

Authored by -Nandini Tripathy, Symbiosis Law School, Hyderabad

Evolution Of International Aviation Law

Abstract:

Air travel commences from the Period when Balloons were considered to be the only source of going in the air, an essential aspect of balloons was that they were not driven with the very will of the human beings, but were flown by the rules of weather. During the early years, the Balloons were lifted on a trial basis, by the Montgolfier brothers, with putting a sheep, a rooster, and bird within the Balloons, by this the brothers wanted to check the impact of the height upon the animals. Eventually, for the very first time, 7 humans were taken aboard on the balloon, and as soon this event took place, in 1784 Paris police ordered legislation forbidding balloon flights without any special permits. This seems uncanny, that just when there was an involvement of human beings in the conduct of balloons, there was an evolution of legislation. However, it did seem fair in terms of the anticipation of the incidents that could have taken place.

Authored by – Anmol Agarwal, Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai & Prapti Allagh, UPES Faculty of law

Cyberwarfare in Context of International Humanitarian Law

Abstract:

Technology has dominated warfare since the early 1900s. Throughout history, societies have put their best minds to work creating new ways to fight each other. New Scientist looks at the major milestones in the development of tools of war. Cyber warfare is a new a phenomenon and scenario under International Humanitarian law. Cyberspace has opened up a potentially new warfighting domain, a man-made theatre of war additional to the natural theatres of land, air, sea and outer space and is interlinked with all of them. It is a virtual space that provides worldwide interconnectivity regardless of borders.

Authored by – Nandini Tripathy, Symbiosis Law School, Hyderabad

Cyberbullying – The era Of E-Crime

Abstract:

Cyberbullying is a major problem and has become a threat in this world. Due to globalisation, the evolution of computer technology,mainly theinternet which is accessed by almost half of the world’s populationhas progressed rapidly to which ithas led to illicit fraud offences and illegal practices. Thesepractices or offencesare known as cybercrime.This article examines the international perspective of cyberbullying under international law with a classic example ofthe current incident of Bois Locker Room in India,which is infringingthe individual’s right to privacy.In this context,it indicates different ways by which an individual can reach to commit such crime and explains the challenges, impacts andits consequences confronted by the victim. It also observes, the International convention with an objective and purview of cybercrime.It also exhibits the boon and bane of social media platforms for students. This article likewise highlights the role of law that involves theregulations enforced in India as well as enforced in international law displaying countries and state with strong, average, and simple cyberbullying laws.The article also suggests self-countermeasuresthat can protectan individual from being trapped. It alsoillustrates an insight report of an interview, providing suggestions and concern for the future.

Authored by Divya Bothra, VITSOL

A digital strike in India to secure Sovereignty

Abstract:

30 June 2020 Indian Government imposed a ban approximate 59 China apps popular in Indian youths like Tik Tok (short video platform), UC Browser, Share It (file sharing app), and Cam Scanner, ( i OS and Android devices to be used as image and document scanners). Such type of ban on social media, books or movies should trigger a debate on its legality. India’s social virtual platforms are mostly different from developed countries like UK or USA where freedom of speech is held Supreme. In the Constitution of India ‘freedom of speech’ is given to citizens with limitations and every citizen of India is bound by these limitations. Although such ban on social media platforms could impede foreign direct investment and affect the expansion of the expansion of Indian digital policies, various cyber libertarians have advocated that sovereignty of states must be maintained. Hence, it is the obligation of states to plan national and worldwide law to oversee the internet. Barely any issues in overall relations are as flawed as the use of intensity and the genuine framework that legitimizes a state’s usage of intensity in self-insurance.

Authored by Anjali dixit

Once Upon a Contract: Performances in the COVID-19 Era

Abstract:

Life is inherently risky; so is business. Contracts embody the risk of the foreseeable future. However, can one allocate risk to mitigate the unanticipated? Is there a mystical way to undercut losses one cannot foresee? No one is better placed to answer these questions than the All England Lawn Tennis & Croquet Club Limited (‘Club’). The Club had the foresight to purchase pandemic insurance for the Wimbledon tournament every year since 2003 suspecting the recurrence of an illness like SARS.[1] Lo and behold, come 2020, it was all to pay off. The Club received an insurance payout of £141 million on canceling the Wimbledon tournament due to the unprecedented disruptions caused by COVID-19. Other sectors have unfortunately not been so lucky. Surely, paying millions in insurance premiums to mitigate the risk of something inherently uncertain may not constitute good business sense for all. Therefore, we must ask whether intelligent contract drafting can save the day.

Authored by – Mudita Gairola & Skanda Shekhar, Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India

The ‘Alabama’ Claims: A Maritime Grievance

Abstract:

The Alabama claims(1862-1872), nautical grievances were a series of demand of the United States of America claiming for the damages from the United Kingdom in 1869, for capturing and burning more than 60 ‘Union Merchant Ship’ that arose during the American Civil War (1861-1865). This article deals with the Public International lawthat discusses the role of international law, its importance, and enforcement. The article also conveys about the sources of International Law that includes treaties, custom, and general principles.The other sources specifically the Judicial decision that interprets the precedent are discussed in this article. The paper also elaborates ‘The Alabama Claims’ case, as it is a renowned example under the Public International Law.

Authored by Divya Bothra, VITSOL

A Step Towards Enhancement Of Corporate Governance: Provisions For Fraud

Abstract:

The article is on one of the most important and emerging areas of jurisprudence in corporate law that is on the issue of corporate fraud. Its contribution in strengthening the corporate governance structure of the country is analysed. Whenever the headlines about corporate fraud surface, the trust reposed in the corporate entities gets affected. It therefore, becomes pertinent to note how the corporate law deals with this menace of fraud that has permeated in to the transactions and leads to lowering down of confidence of investors and shareholders.

Authored by Rishab Aggarwal & Harshil Vijayvargiya, GNLU