The perennial images and videos of numerous labourers walking back home with young children and women, having no other means to survive but to go back to their hometown was a catastrophic sight to see for the entire country. That being said it is nothing new that the oppressed class always needs to bear the hardships of life which is ironic considering the existing miserable lives they are leading! Now let’s focus our attention towards the backbone of the industrial sector i.e. the labourers. I shall be emphasizing on the hardships they had to go through during this time and also the legal provisions that were and are available to them. I will also be discussing about how the labour laws could be eased and reformed for their welfare. The reason it is of prime importance not only in relation towards the well- being, but also for the entire country in general, is because if they are not taken care of, economy will cripple in seconds!
The origin of bonded labour can be traced back to earlier period when the Hindu society was divided into caste structures. The lower caste suffered the most whereas the trusted higher castes were benefitted in every manner. In keeping view with the global Slavery Index, India has been a poor performer as way as less in social control of anti-slavery laws. The explanation for identical are attributed to the underneath resourced judiciary and personnel. However, with the passing times, bonded labour has inflated its’ scope and also the manner it affect the lives of the folks. Typically, the folks from the rural areas particularly the Dalits are lured by the traffickers solely to search out themselves indulged as labourers in factories or operating in brothels against their consent.
As an unorganised worker play a pivotal role in society, so they need special attention. Most socially and economically deprived sections of the society are engaged in informal economic activities. The government realised the pivotal role performed by unorganised sector in the economy. Therefore, many legislations and schemes are initiated by the government for the benefit of unorganised workers. Further various social security measures provided by industrial units to their employees in the form of pension, provident fund and gratuity. Non-statutory benefits also provided to workers such as medical facilities, food, canteens etc
Authored by Preeti Selvam, St Rock College Of Law.
In this article there is detailed explanation of bonded labour. What does that mean its impact on the society? The pros and cons of the being a bonded labour. It is also explained about the bonded labour in different parts of the world. It has been also mentioned about the situation of bounded labour in United Nations and India.
Authored by Pooja Heda, Kes Jayantilal H Patel College Of Law, Mumbai.
Ancient Indian Literature ‘Manusmrithi’ mentioned about codes for the protection and safety of the people. The concept of Social Security was associated with the Hindu Joint Families which was the ‘Original Cell of Security’ and ‘First Line of Defence’ against any misfortune. Then in Vedic period ‘Guilds’ a group of merchants or artisans worked during calamities for the security of life and property. Organized Social Security Measures in statutory form are of recent origins a key factor in Industrial system to protect employees and their dependents against contingencies like disability, sickness, employment injury and unemployment. The Industrial Programmes based on the ideals of human dignity and social justice will relieve the anxiety of the poor labours through financial benefit and medical care. Social Security as a National Programme aims to reduce Social sufferings due to Poverty, Unemployment and Intensity of Diseases. The Schemes for Provident Fund, Medical Insurance, Maternity Benefit, Compensation and Gratuity are useful in India. The efficiency, extent of coverage, finding suitable policy and approaches to strengthen the delivery system according to priorities through planned justice for inclusive growth is the need of the day. This paper describes about the implications of various social security benefits provided to the labours in India.
Authored by Pooja Heda, KES Jayantilal H Patel Law College.
In recent times we have seen that centre government and many state government have passed the ordinance to suspend labour laws so that the economic activities are back on track and the economy can recover from the recession that is going in the country at the present and Covid-19 has only worsen the situation for the labours and the working class. In India there is no single act or code that are governing the laws of labour. Some of the major laws that are governing the labour laws are the Trade Unions Act, 1926 Minimum Wages Act, 1948 Payment of Wages Act, 1936 and many more so let us take a look at history of labour law in India Weather or not the labour law in India are that of the International standard and how The current situation of Covid-19 will effect the laws in India
Authored By Ansh Kumar, Gujarat National Law University